Our automatic System 1 and our controlled System 2 allow us to make good decisions and/or adopt the right behavior, generally in 90% of the situations. However, the remaining 10% sometimes has major consequences.
This week we encourage you to start practicing two good practices to improve the quality of all of your individual decisions.
The meta-cognition is cognition over cognition. This involves decoding one’s own mental mechanisms or think about your own thought. When we have a decision to make, it consists in identifying the mental patterns, reasoning, criteria etc… applied to make this decision. Once these elements have been identified, we are then in a better position to correct them if necessary.
How to identify decisions where to apply meta-cognition to reduce bias? Since biases are unconscious, they are inherently difficult to identify on one’s own. In a practical way, here are four levers that make it possible to identify the decisions where to apply this principle as a priority:
It is therefore necessary to regularly identify the circumstances where your judgments could be affected by bias. As soon as these circumstances are verified, it is good practice to apply “meta-cognition”.
Practically speaking, here is a meta-cognition technique:
Weight the decision criteria.
Give them a percentage out of 100. If you have more than 6 criteria, group them by blocks of 6 criteria of the same category. Within each category, weight the criteria out of 100 and then weight the categories. Process the criteria at most in groups of 6.
Make sure there is no bias in the collection of facts. See how to cross the sources. One of the best practices for being objective is to be descriptive, as if you were briefly explaining how to do a task, for example.
Give a rating homogeneously for each fact having previsouly masked the weight of each criterion.
Review all of the scores given to each fact and make sure the calibration is correct.
Multiply the score given in step 4 by the weight of the criterion obtained in step 2.
Decide by taking into account the calculation made.
Then you can further improve the quality of the decision: